The United States of America has imposed sanctions against the Kinahan cartel.
The US Department of the Treasury has put members of the gang on an Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) list.
Daniel Kinahan, his father Christopher Senior and brother Christopher Junior are among seven members of the crime gang named by the US government.
It says this is the result of close collaboration between OFAC, the US Drug Enforcement Administration, US Department of State, An Garda Síochána, Britain's National Crime Agency (NCA) and the European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation.
The US Under-Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence, Brian E Nelson, says: "The Kinahan organised crime group smuggles deadly narcotics, including cocaine, to Europe, and is a threat to the entire licit economy through its role in international money laundering.
"Criminal groups like the KOCG prey on the most vulnerable in society and bring drug-related crime and violence, including murder, to the countries in which they operate.
"Treasury is proud to have coordinated so closely with our international counterparts, and the US government will continue to use every available resource to dismantle these criminal networks," he adds.
A UK-based alcoholic drinks company and two United Arab Emirates-based businesses - a sports management and advisory company, and a business management consulting firm - have also been sanctioned.
These companies are on the list for "being owned or controlled by, directly or indirectly" by named members of the gang.
The sanctions mean all property and interests in property of the designated individuals or entities that are in the US, or in the possession or control of US people, must be blocked and reported.
The regulations also generally prohibit all transactions by US persons - or those transiting the United States - that involve any property or interests of designated or blocked persons.
The sanctions mean the likes of US banks and companies cannot do business with those named and they cannot fly on US airlines.
People may face civil or criminal penalties for violations, the US Treasury Department says.
Reward of up to $5,000,000.00 USD for information leading to the Financial Disruption of the Kinahan Criminal Organisation or the arrest and/or conviction of:
Christy Kinahan Sr
Christy Kinahan Jr
Submit Tips via email to KinahanTCOTips@dea.gov pic.twitter.com/PEafbJkJ8a
— Garda Info (@gardainfo) April 12, 2022
US authorities have also announced a $5m (€4.59m) reward for any information leading to the arrest of three members of the Kinahan family.
The reward is for 'any information leading to the Financial Disruption of the Kinahan Criminal Organisation or the arrest and/or conviction of Daniel Kinahan, Christy Kinahan Sr and Christy Kinahan Jr'.
Investigators also issued a European Arrest warrant for 36-year-old Sean McGovern, believed to be Daniel Kinahan’s closest confidant.