Justice Minister Helen McEntee has survived a confidence motion in the Dáil by 83 votes to 63.
A motion of no-confidence was tabled by Sinn Féin last week, but the Government tabled a counter-motion expressing confidence in her.
Government TDs had been defending Minister McEntee, while those in opposition said her position was untenable.
Sinn Féin leader Mary Lou McDonald earlier claimed Minister McEntee had failed in her role.
"The first responsibility of any government worthy of the name is to keep its citizens safe," she said.
"To make sure this happens we need a major change of direction, but Minister McEntee has proven incapable of providing the leadership, the direction and the purpose needed to make our streets and our communities safe.
"The Minister's position is untenable and she must go," she added.
'Division and disunity'
Minister McEntee accused Sinn Féin of utilising tragedy for political point scoring.
"It has been quick to fall back on its usual playbook of division and disunity," she said.
The Minister accused the opposition party of "using an appalling situation to play politics and to point score, and to once again undermine An Garda Síochána."
"It's worth repeating Ceann Comhairle when I pick up the phone to ring the Garda Commissioner, or to talk to Gardaí, it's to offer support.
"When Sinn Féin pick up the phone, it's to call for the resignation of the Garda Commissioner," she added.
'The dogs in the street knew'
Tánaiste Micheál Martin said a Sinn Féin claim that everyone could see the riots coming was a fabrication.
"At the core of Sinn Féin's attack is the claim by Deputy McDonald that everyone could see the disorder coming, and that the Minister did nothing in the face of demands for action," he said.
"Yet, in spite of her claim that the dogs in the street knew a riot was about to happen, the Dáil record shows that in the past three months in Leaders' Questions she never once raised the violence she now says was obviously about to break out," he added.
Green Party leader Eamon Ryan and aviation took centre stage earlier this week, amid suggestions the Environment Minister may have had to fly home from the COP28 climate summit to vote on the crunch motion.
The plan was scrapped at the last minute after he was offered a pairing by Social Democrats environment spokesperson Jennifer Whitmore.
A pairing arrangement is an agreement between the Government and the opposition which sees a representative from the opposition agreeing to abstain when a Government representative is not available to vote.