The United States is to stage a diplomatic boycott of the upcoming Winter Olympics in Beijing.
However, American athletes will be able to compete in the two-week event in February.
China's accused the US of 'grandstanding' - saying the move could affect 'cooperation between the two nations'.
White House press secretary Jen Psaki says they can't support the Games while there are reports of genocide against Uighur Muslims and other "egregious" human rights abuses.
She said: "We are not in a state where business as usual is appropriate, at a time where there are human rights abuses we have been outspoken about and taken action on.
"We feel this sends a clear message."
She stressed the Biden administration will be behind American athletes 100%, but officials will "not be contributing to the fanfare of the Games".
The decision comes amid growing international tension between China and global sports bodies.
Last week the Women's Tennis Association suspended all tournaments in China, amid concerns over the welfare of Chinese player Peng Shuai.
Ms Peng disappeared from public view for several weeks after accusing senior Chinese political leader Zhang Gaoli of sexual assault.
The International Olympic Committee says they have spoken to Ms Peng, ahead of an in-person meeting with her next month.