The commission will report by September 2018
The Cabinet has approved a 12-member review commission to do the root and branch review of An Garda Síochána.
Chaired by Seattle police chief Kathleen O'Toole, other members include former Irish Times editor Conor Brady, Noeleen Blackwell of the Dublin Rape Crisis Centre and Peter Fahy, a former chief constable in the UK.
The Justice Minister Frances Fitzgerald says along with a final report, the commission may bring forward immediate and rolling recommendations it feels need to be implemented in the short term.
Ms Fitzgerald says: "These terms of reference for the Commission of the Future of Policing in Ireland encompass all functions carried out by An Garda Síochána including community safety, state security and immigration, and also the full range of bodies that have a role in providing oversight and accountability including the three statutory bodies, but also my department and the Government.
"They provide for a comprehensive examination of all aspects of policing in Ireland.
"The individuals who make up the commission have impressive track records in their respective fields.
"The membership seeks to strike the right balance between domestic and international perspectives and between academic, operational policing, community and victims’ perspectives, change management, governance and indeed Government experience."
Minister Fitzgerald says issues which have arisen mean the time is right for this "fundamental examination of all aspects of policing in this State".
But the Association of Garda Sergeants and Inspectors (AGSI) has criticised the make-up of the commission for having no current or former members of the gardaí.
AGSI President Antoinette Cunningham said: "Our association welcomes the commission and are heartened to see the level of collective national and international expertise among the 12 members - however we question the exclusion of a current or a former member of An Garda Síochána."
"I would temper our enthusiasm by saying that we have witnessed first-hand how progress is paralysed by Government inaction.
"As a typical example of this, six months on from a threatened withdrawal of service by gardaí and the Government have not progressed legislation to give us access to the Workplace Relations Commission or the Labour Court which should have been progressed by January of this year.
"This is paralyses of progress caused by Government inaction and we don’t want to see this happen with this new commission."
The review has extensive terms of reference - including to look at culture and ethos of the gardaí, recruitment and training, management structures and oversight.
It will also examine whether there should be separation of policing and security in the State.
The commission will report in September 2018.
The Department of Justice says proposals from the commission should address, among other areas:
The commission is being encouraged to consult widely, including with the public and civic society and any other bodies or individuals it considers appropriate.
Additional reporting: Jack Quann