Turkey by numbers: Amnesty hits out at 'perilous' situation after failed coup

The international judiciary says 2,700 members have been removed

Turkey, Amnesty, failed coup, judiciary, human rights, Network of the Presidents of the Supreme Judicial Courts,

A woman displays a poster with the image of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan as government supporters wave Turkish flags during a rally in Taksim Square central Istanbul | Image: Petros Giannakouris / AP/Press Association Images

Amnesty International say human rights in Turkey are "in peril" following a failed coup attempt in July.

The human rights group say the reaction from Turkish authorities "was swift and brutal", and that there was a crackdown "of exceptional proportions that has continued after a state of emergency declared five days later".

Amnesty has been on the ground in Istanbul and Ankara to document events.

It has released some statistics on the situation:

  • At least 208 people were killed and more than 1,400 injured amid the failed coup, according to government accounts
  • More than 10,000 people have been detained since the failed coup
  • More than 45,000 people have been suspended or removed from their jobs, including police, judges and prosecutors, and others
  • 42 arrest warrants were issued for journalists (as of July 25th) and six have been detained
  • 20 news websites were blocked in the days following the coup attempt
  • 25 media houses had their licenses revoked as of July 22nd; dozens of journalists had their press cards cancelled
  • 48 hours: the length of time Turkish police in Ankara and Istanbul have reportedly been holding detainees in stress positions

Amnesty claims detainees have been denied food, water and medical treatment, and verbally abused and threatened.

It says some have been subjected to severe beatings and torture, including rape.

  • Three months: the initial period of state of emergency imposed late on July 20th, granting the Turkish Prime Minister and his cabinet the power to rule by decree
  • 30 days: the pre-charge detention limit was increased from four to 30 days on July 30th
  • 0: the number of independent human rights monitors with access to detention facilities in Turkey after its National Human Rights Institution was abolished in April 2016

Meanwhile, the international judiciary has also hit out at treatment of Turkish judges.

The Network of the Presidents of the Supreme Judicial Courts of the European Union says it is "deeply concerned" over reports of the recent removal from office of over 2,700 members of the judiciary and prosecutors.

The network says in a statement: "Immediately following the attempted coup the Turkish Republic has suspended, dismissed and/or arrested thousands of people, including many judges."

"Among those are judges of the Council of State and the Court of Cassation of Turkey."

"The number of citizens involved, and the announcement by the President of the Republic of Turkey of the possible restoration of the death penalty, also raise serious concerns."

It has reiterated that the independence of the judiciary "is not a privilege for judges, but a guarantee of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, which allows every person to have confidence in the Justice system, the law and the state."

It is urging respect for the rule of law and human rights.

It also echoes caution expressed by the Secretary General of the Council of Europe, and calls for the implementation of existing mechanisms in terms of respect for human rights - both at the level of the Council of Europe and the United Nations.