British study calls for return to "whole foods" such as dairy, fish and meat
For years, we have been told that we should cut down on the amount of fat we eat, inspiring many people to adopt low-fat diets.
Now it seems the story is changing, with a report saying that such eating patterns are having "disastrous health consequences".
The UK's National Obesity Forum and the Public Health Collaboration have called for a "major overhaul" of dietary guidelines, accusing major public health bodies of colluding with the food industry.
Their report pushes for a return to "whole foods" such as dairy, fish and meat, as well as high fat healthy foods such as avocados, saying that "eating fat does not make you fat".
Saturated fats do not cause heart disease and full fat dairy foods - including milk, yoghurt and cheese, can actually protect the heart, the authors add.
They blame the focus on low-fat diets and snacking between meals for Britain's growing obesity crisis, saying that processed foods labelled "low fat", "lite" or "low cholesterol" should be avoided.
People should also stay away from sugar, stop counting calories and those with type two diabetes should eat a fat-rich diet instead of one dominated by carbohydrates.
'Corrupted by commercial influences'
The authors of the report say that food science has been "corrupted by commercial influences" in a way that represents a "significant threat to public health".
They said the recent Eatwell Guide from Public Health England, for example, was produced with a large number of people from the food and drink industry.
Professor David Haslam, chairman of the National Obesity Forum, said: "As a clinician, treating patients all day every day, I quickly realised that guidelines from on high, suggesting high carbohydrate, low fat diets were the universal panacea, were deeply flawed.
"Current efforts have failed - the proof being that obesity levels are higher than they have ever been, and show no chance of reducing despite the best efforts of Government and scientists."
Dr Aseem Malhotra, consultant cardiologist and founding member of the Public Health Collaboration, a group of medics, said dietary guidelines promoting low fat foods "is perhaps the biggest mistake in modern medical history resulting in devastating consequences for public health.
"The current Eatwell guide from Public Health England is in my view more like a metabolic timebomb than a dietary pattern conducive for good health.
"Eat fat to get slim, don't fear fat, fat is your friend. It's now truly time to bring back the fat."
Professor Iain Broom, from Robert Gordon University in Aberdeen, agreed: "Our populations for almost 40 years, have been subjected to an uncontrolled global experiment that has gone drastically wrong."
But the report has drawn strong condemnation from other food experts and medical professionals.
Dr Alison Tedstone, chief nutritionist at Public Health England , said: "In the face of all the evidence, calling for people to eat more fat, cut out carbs and ignore calories is irresponsible.
"Unlike this opinion piece, our independent experts review all the available evidence - often thousands of scientific papers - run full-scale consultations and go to great lengths to ensure no bias."
Dr Mike Knapton, associate medical director at the British Heart Foundation, said the report did not have the "robust and comprehensive review of evidence" required to be taken seriously by the charity.